Amid disappointing eurozone data and Brexit uncertainty the pound euro exchange rate dropped 0.2% lower across the previous week. After opening the previous week at €1.1308, the pound dropped to a low of €1.1206, before closing the week €1.1265.
|What do these figures mean?
|When measuring the value of a pair of currencies, one set equals 1 unit and the other shows the current equivalent. As the market moves, the amount will vary from minute to minute.h If the euro amount increases in this pairing, it’s positive for the pound. Or, if you were looking at it the other way around:1 EUR = 0.87271 GBP In this example, €1 is equivalent to approximately £0.87. This measures the euro’s worth versus the British pound. If the sterling number gets larger, it’s good news for the euro.
Brexit fears were responsible for sending the pound lower versus the euro. UK Prime Minister Theresa May spent the past week trying to win support for her Brexit deal. At the same time UK government economists and the Bank of England warned over the economic impact of Brexit, deal or no deal. Whilst Brexit with a deal was shown to slow the economy, the central bank highlighted the severity of a no deal Brexit, predicating the worst economic slowdown since World War II.
The week Theresa May will once again be attempting to drum up support for her deal. Given the eye-opening statistics from last week, more signs of the deal not being voted through Parliament could weigh heavily on the pound.
|Why is a “soft” Brexit better for sterling than a “hard” Brexit?
|A soft Brexit implies anything less than UK’s complete withdrawal from the EU. For example, it could mean the UK retains some form of membership to the European Union single market in exchange for some free movement of people, i.e. immigration. This is considered more positive than a “hard” Brexit, which is a full severance from the EU. The reason “soft” is considered more pound-friendly is because the economic impact would be lower. If there is less negative impact on the economy, foreign investors will continue to invest in the UK. As investment requires local currency, this increased demand for the pound then boosts its value.
There have been signs of some Remainers on the cabinet, such as Michael Gove, backing Theresa May. The fear is that if this Brexit plan doesn’t go through Parliament, then a second referendum will be called.
This week the UK economic calendar is sparse. The main releases will be UK industry activity reports, in the form of the purchasing manager index (pmi) report. Today, aside from Brexit headlines, investors will look towards the UK manufacturing pmi. Analysts expect the pmi to have ticked up to 51.7 in November from 51.1 in October. Stronger numbers could boost the pound.
Investors had little reason to buy into the euro last week. Even so the euro still managed to move higher versus the weaker pound. Eurozone economic data across the previous week was disappointing. German retail sales and eurozone inflation both missed analyst expectations. These data misses fuel concerns over the slowing momentum in the eurozone economy.
|Why does poor economic data drag on a country’s currency?
|Slowing economic indicators point to a slowing economy. Weak economies have weaker currencies because institutions look to reduce investments in countries where growth prospects are low and then transfer money to countries with higher growth prospects. These institutions sell out of their investment and the local currency, thus increasing supply of the currency and pushing down the money’s worth. So, when a country or region has poor economic news, the value of the currency tends to fall.
As trading begins for the new week, the euro is likely to be driven by movement in the dollar following the G20 summit. Given that the euro trades inversely to the dollar, a weaker dollar on easing geopolitical tensions could boot the euro.
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