The pound moved lower against the dollar on Monday, despite a deal finally being reached between the UK’s Conservative and Northern Ireland’s Democratic Unionist Parties (DUP). The pound initially moved marginally higher, before weakening to a day’s low of \$1.2706 before finishing the day at \$1.2723.

What do these figures mean?
When measuring the value of a pair of currencies, one set equals 1 unit and the other shows the current equivalent. As the market moves, the amount will vary from minute to minute. For example, it could be written: 1 GBP = 1.13990 EUR Here, £1 is equivalent to approximately €1.14. This specifically measures the pound’s worth against the euro. If the euro amount increases in this pairing, it’s positive for the pound. Or, if you were looking at it the other way around: 1 EUR = 0.87271 GBP In this example, €1 is equivalent to approximately £0.87. This measures the euro’s worth versus the British pound. If the sterling number gets larger, it’s good news for the euro.

After two weeks of negotiating, a confidence and supply agreement was finally arranged between the Tories and DUP. In exchange for an extra £1 billion funding for Northern Ireland over the course of two years, the DUP will support the Conservatives in Commons votes.

The pound initially cheered the news as it removes a layer of political uncertainty that had been engulfing UK politics since the Conservatives failed to win a Parliamentary majority in the recent snap elections. The agreement was reached just in time as on Wednesday and Thursday see the Parliamentary vote on the Queen’s Speech, a vote that Theresa May needed to secure a majority in, in order to continue as Prime Minister. However, there are now concerns over a backlash from Wales and Scotland which could put Theresa May’s job in the balance once more. Concerns over a potential backlash have kept the pound low against the dollar, albeit above \$1.2700.

What do these figures mean?

When measuring the value of a pair of currencies, one set equals 1 unit and the other shows the current equivalent. As the market moves, the amount will vary from minute to minute.

For example, it could be written: 1 GBP = 1.28934 USD

Here, £1 is equivalent to approximately \$1.29. This specifically measures the pound’s worth against the dollar. If the U.S. dollar amount increases in this pairing, it’s positive for the pound.

Or, if you were looking at it the other way around: 1 USD = 0.77786 GBP

In this example, \$1 is equivalent to approximately £0.78. This measures the U.S. dollar’s worth versus the British pound. If the sterling number gets larger, it’s good news for the dollar.

Later this morning, investor attention will switch to Bank of England (BoE) Governor Mark Carney. Following his speech last week, he was crystal clear that now wasn’t the right time for a rate hike. Pound boosting comments are therefore not expected so soon after his dovish stance.

### Terrible Durable goods orders weighs on the U.S. dollar

The dollar briefly weakened against the pound in trading on Monday, after disappointing figures forced investors to reconsider the chances of another U.S. interest rate hike in 2017. Durable goods orders shrank by 1.1% in May, almost twice as bad as what Bloomberg analyst had forecast. This figure means that businesses and consumers were more cautious about spending large sums of money on single items, such as a cars, appliances, or various pieces of machinery. This doesn’t bode well for the state of the U.S. economy or interest rate hike expectations. If consumers and businesses aren’t spending, then inflation will remain low and the Federal Reserve won’t hike rates.

Investors will now be looking ahead to later today when several Federal Reserve officials will speak, including Federal Chair Janet Yellen. The dollar is expected to remain highly sensitive to any clues in the speeches as to whether another interest rate could be expected in the remainder of the year.

Why do raised interest rates boost a currency’s value?
Interest rates are key to understanding exchange rate movements. Those who have large sums of money to invest want the highest return on their investments. Higher interest rate environments tend to offer higher yields. So, if the interest rate or at least the interest rate expectation of a country is relatively higher compared to another, then it attracts more foreign capital investment. Large corporations and investors need local currency to invest. More local currency used then boosts the demand of that currency, pushing the value higher.

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Editor - Senior Financial Market Analyst Through over a decade’s experience analysing and reporting on global currency markets, Fiona has a gained a deep understanding of the fundamental drivers of currencies. She is regularly quoted by international news organisations including Financial Times, Reuters and Bloomberg. Fiona is a familiar face after years of appearances on BBC, Sky News and Fox Business News.