The pound moved to within touching distance of $1.31 overnight as Britain continues to move away from a no deal Brexit. The pound is trading at the highest level versus the dollar in 11 weeks.
|What do these figures mean?|
|When measuring the value of a pair of currencies, one set equals 1 unit and the other shows the current equivalent. As the market moves, the amount will vary from minute to minute.For example, it could be written:1 GBP = 1.28934 USD Here, £1 is equivalent to approximately $1.29. This specifically measures the pound’s worth against the dollar. If the US dollar amount increases in this pairing, it’s positive for the pound. Or, if you were looking at it the other way around:1 USD = 0.77786 GBP In this example, $1 is equivalent to approximately £0.78. This measures the US dollar’s worth versus the British pound. If the sterling number gets larger, it’s good news for the dollar.|
The pound surged close to 1% on Wednesday, its third consecutive day of gains as investors grow increasingly confident that the UK won’t be crashing out of the EU without a deal. The latest move higher for the pound comes following the main opposition party in the UK, Labour, signalling it could support legislation to delay Britain’s departure from the EU. An extension of Article 50 would delay the UK from leaving the EU on 29th March 2019.
Delaying Brexit greatly reduces the chances of the UK leaving the EU without a deal. It provides more time for Theresa May to secure more reassurances over her Irish back stop part of the Brexit deal, or it could also mean that Brexit never happens. These options are more supportive of the pound than a hard Brexit.
|Why is a “soft” Brexit better for sterling than a “hard” Brexit?|
|A soft Brexit implies anything less than UK’s complete withdrawal from the EU. For example, it could mean the UK retains some form of membership to the European Union single market in exchange for some free movement of people, i.e. immigration. This is considered more positive than a “hard” Brexit, which is a full severance from the EU. The reason “soft” is considered more pound-friendly is because the economic impact would be lower. If there is less negative impact on the economy, foreign investors will continue to invest in the UK. As investment requires local currency, this increased demand for the pound then boosts its value.|
The Eurosceptics in the UK Conservative party are starting to draw behind Theresa May’s Brexit deal, in the fear that Brexit now might be a very watered down version or might not happen. This could boost the chances of Theresa May’s deal eventually making it through Parliament.
With no high impacting UK data from the rest of the week, investors will remain glued to Brexit developments.
The dollar was broadly out of favour in the previous session. Concerns over US — Sino trade tensions and slowing growth in the global economy are bad news for the US economy. These fears continue to dominate the market. Traders are acutely aware that the Federal Reserve would struggle to raise interest rates in a slowing economy hit by trade tensions and slowing global growth. As a result, demand for the dollar has been dented.
|Why do raised interest rates boost a currency’s value?|
|Interest rates are key to understanding exchange rate movements. Those who have large sums of money to invest want the highest return on their investments. Higher interest rate environments tend to offer higher yields. So, if the interest rate or at least the interest rate expectation of a country is relatively higher compared to another, then it attracts more foreign capital investment. Large corporations and investors need local currency to invest. More local currency used then boosts the demand of that currency, pushing the value higher.|
The continued US government shutdown is also keeping the dollar out of favour. The US Senate is to vote today on whether to re-open government. News of the reopening of government could boost the dollar. This is because all those Americans who haven’t been paid, will receive their wages again. This means they can start spending again helping the economy grow.
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