The pound continued to drop on Wednesday, falling to its lowest level versus the euro this year. Brexit fears once again sent the pound tumbling lower, hitting a nadir of €1.

What do these figures mean?

When measuring the value of a pair of currencies, one set equals 1 unit and the other shows the current equivalent. As the market moves, the amount will vary from minute to minute.

For example, it could be written: 1 GBP = 1.13990 EUR

Here, £1 is equivalent to approximately €1.14. This specifically measures the pound’s worth against the euro. If the euro amount increases in this pairing, it’s positive for the pound.

Or, if you were looking at it the other way around: 1 EUR = 0.87271 GBP

In this example, €1 is equivalent to approximately £0.87. This measures the euro’s worth versus the British pound. If the sterling number gets larger, it’s good news for the euro.

The pound was down heavily against its major peers in the previous session, as investors insure themselves against the growing possibility that the UK will crash out of the European Union without a Brexit deal. There is growing concern among market participants that talks between Britain and Brussels will break down over the coming months.

Bank of England (BoE) Governor Mark Carney weighed into Brexit discussions last week, warning over the impact of a no deal Brexit. This, in addition to International trade secretary Liam Fox’s warnings at the beginning of this week have intensified speculation that the UK no not reach an agreement, leaving a no deal Brexit by default.

Trade leaders and leading economists have warned of the damage that a no deal Brexit could do to the UK economy. As the possibility of a no deal, hard deal Brexit increases, the value of the pound decreases.

Why is a “soft” Brexit better for sterling than a “hard” Brexit?
A soft Brexit implies anything less than UK’s complete withdrawal from the EU. For example, it could mean the UK retains some form of membership to the European Union single market in exchange for some free movement of people, i.e. immigration. This is considered more positive than a “hard” Brexit, which is a full severance from the EU. The reason “soft” is considered more pound-friendly is because the economic impact would be lower. If there is less negative impact on the economy, foreign investors will continue to invest in the UK. As investment requires local currency, this increased demand for the pound then boosts its value.

This week is very quiet as far as economic data is concerned, meaning that investors have little to distract them from Brexit headlines. Today, once again there is no high impacting UK data to watch for making Brexit headlines a key driver again.

Weaker Dollar Lifts Euro

The euro found support in the previous session thanks to a slightly weaker dollar. The euro often trades inversely to the dollar, so when the dollar lips the euro tends to move higher.

The dollar was on the back foot as investors considered China and the US tit for tat response in the unfolding trade war with the US. Both China and the is announced 25% trade tariffs on $16 billion worth of imports; a move which unnerved US dollar investors and sent the greenback lower, boosting the euro.

Today investors will look towards the European Central Bank’s Economic Bulletin for clues over the health of the Eurozone economy. Recently data from the region has been mixed, so euro traders will be looking for confirmation or a steadily improving economy.

This publication is provided for general information purposes only and is not intended to cover every aspect of the topics with which it deals. It is not intended to amount to advice on which you should rely. You must obtain professional or specialist advice before taking, or refraining from, any action on the basis of the content in this publication. The information in this publication does not constitute legal, tax or other professional advice from TransferWise Inc., Currency Live or its affiliates. Prior results do not guarantee a similar outcome. We make no representations, warranties or guarantees, whether express or implied, that the content in the publication is accurate, complete or up to date. Consult our risk warning page for more details.

This article was initially published on from the same author. The content at Currency Live is the sole opinion of the authors and in no way reflects the views of TransferWise Inc.